Much like the Vellano family and The Vellano Corporation, US Pipe has been around for generations, serving customers, the community and the industry. The successful vendor relationship between The Vellano Corporation and US Pipe is due, in part, to the same shared history, depth of industry knowledge and provider of quality products.
U.S. Pipe reports on their website, that United States Cast Iron* Pipe and Foundry Company was originally incorporated in 1899. (The “Cast Iron” was dropped in 1929.) The incorporation consolidated 12 companies located in eight states. At the time of its incorporation, it is estimated that U.S. Pipe produced approximately 75% of the production capacity in the United States. Of the 14 plants that composed the original corporation, two continue in operation today under new names. These plants are U.S. Pipe's Bessemer, AL, and Burlington, NJ facilities. From 1899 to 1921 the nation's population and economy grew rapidly, and so did its demand for pipe. U.S. Pipe realized that only through mass production and mechanization would it be able to meet the ever- increasing demand for pipe.
In 1921, Dimitri Sensaud deLavaud introduced centrifugal casting, a new pipe production process that would revolutionize the industry. That same year, US Pipe purchased deLavaud's rights for the manufacture of cast iron pipe by the centrifugal casting method. DeLavaud's process consisted of introducing molten iron into a rapidly rotating steel mold. The centrifugal force of the rotating mold distributed the molten iron uniformly around the inner surface of the mold, which, upon cooling, resulted in a high-quality pipe. The Company now had the technology to mass produce a superior quality pipe. The North Birmingham Plant was the first of the company's facilities to be equipped for this new process.
Each of the company's original plants manufactured pipe by the pit cast method. With this method, molten iron was poured in vertical molds lined with sand. This method produced satisfactory pipe, but costs were high and production was slow.
Technological Advancement From 1899 to 1921 the nation's population and economy grew rapidly, and so did its demand for pipe. U.S. Pipe realized that only through mass production and mechanization would it be able to meet our nation's ever- increasing demand for pipe.
Due to a growing population west of the Rocky Mountains, the company decided to construct its fifth plant in California. The plant was located a few miles southeast of Oakland in Union City. It began operations in 1951 and produced pipe in sizes 4 inch through 12 inch. Later the capability was expanded to include 16 inch and then 18 inch, 20 inch, and 24 inch pipe.
On April 2, 2012 Mueller Water Products completed the sale of U.S. Pipe and Foundry to USP Holdings, Inc., an affiliate of Wynnchurch Capital, LTD. Today U.S. Pipe is the largest domestic producer of Ductile Iron pipe in sizes 4 inch through 64 inch. U.S. Pipe perfected the production of Ductile Iron pipe, which is superior in strength to cast iron, and was the first in the industry to use Ductile Iron exclusively for all its pressure pipe and fittings. Today, U.S. Pipe recycles waste material (ferrous scrap) into Ductile Iron pipe for use in water and wastewater systems throughout the world, which improves the living conditions for millions of people.